Great Wall of China - 2400 kilometers long fortress

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China

Date of build

214 BC - start construction

  • Building type: Wall, fortification
  • Architectural style: Ancient Chinese
  • Material: stone, brick
  • Length: The main wall is 2400 km long
    Total length with legs 21 196 km
Great Wall of China description and facts:

The longest building in the world runs from Shanhaiguan on the Gulf of Leia (Yellow Sea), through Inner Mongolia, to the Jiayuguan in the Qilian Shan mountains.

In the period of splendor, the building was over 7,600 km long, about 2400 km has survived to the present day. This is a distance equal to the distance between London and Moscow. The whole, along with side branches, has at least 21,000 km and runs the ridges of mountain ranges at an altitude of approx. 1000 m above sea level.

The Great Wall of China is the largest building ever erected by man. It served as a defense ramp against alien tribes of nomads who wanted to invade China.

Separate sections of the wall were built by individual feudal states. The combination of the building into one team, used to defend against nomadic Mongolian tribes and guarding the nearby Silk Road, occurred during the reign of the first emperor of the Cin (Qin) Szy Huang-ti (221-210 p.n.e.).

Its width at the base is approx. 6.5 m, while the height is 9 m. At the top, the wall is 5.5 m wide - enough to allow march on foot soldiers for 10 soldiers in a row or cavalry for 5 horses in a row.

In later times, the wall was repeatedly extended and modernized, especially in the 14th century during the rule of the Ming dynasty. In later periods, such as during the great proletarian cultural revolution, he was dismantled in order to obtain materials for the construction of houses and farms.

The wall was built on stone foundations, from compacted soil, which was bricked with brick, the whole was glued with rice flour and water.

The equipment of the wall consists of numerous defensive towers, watchtowers and storage rooms for ammunition and food.

In the designers' plans there was to be a watchtower every 100 meters, together over 40,000. It was calculated that 300 million m2 of materials were used for the construction of the wall, which would have been enough to build 120 Cheops pyramids, or to place a two-meter long wall along the equator.

It is estimated that about 300,000 workers were employed in inhumane conditions during the construction of the wall, thousands of them lost their lives and their bodies were simply buried in the middle part of the wall.

Rumors say that every third man of the then empire participated in the construction of the wall and that only three out of ten recruits returned home. Therefore, the building is called the largest cemetery of the earth.

Contrary to the beliefs of many people, this building can not be seen with the human eye from the surface of the moon. Satellite images using infrared (thermovision) photography, which have been subjected to strong processing, showed the Chinese Wall in its splendor and showed that this myth widespread in the decade of the first space flight is false.

The Great Wall of China was not only built as a defensive building against the barbarians. His goal was also to protect against demons rushing over the infertile steppe areas. Once it was believed that these demons can move in a straight line without being able to cross curved formations and bypass the horns, therefore the wall has never been built in a straight line.

For many years, the wall fulfilled its defensive function and it would seem that its almost continuous structure is impregnable, however in 1211 the Mongol Chief Genghis Khan has invaded China and mastered the country for almost 100 years.

The wall is inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

"If a daughter is born, drown her, if a son is born, do not bring him up, do not you see that the Great Wall arises on corpses"

"... Great Wall separates Great China from the desert,
and it stretches like the Great Snake infinitely.
Neither on one side nor on the other
there is no city left, but taken out of homes
three hundred sixty thousand people ...
"

"It must be said that the Great Wall had to be erected by great people" - Richard Nixon, 1972

Comments to Great Wall of China (262) Average rating: 4 Add comment    /    Rate building

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Based on 262 comments
el
#262
el
21 days ago
dobre to bylo
Krystyna
#261
Krystyna
4 months ago
To od zawsze moje marzenie go zobaczyć, kiedys na pewno sie tam wybiore z dzieciakami i go zobacze
Overall rating: detailed ratings
GoBi
#260
GoBi
7 years ago
Juz za dwa tygodnie jadę do chin zobaczyć mur Myślę że będzie ciekawie r.2012 : )
Cieli
#259
Cieli
7 years ago
o lol musze zrobic na plastyke taki tyko że musi miec 1m
mateusz
#258
7 years ago
no pomogło
ania
#257
ania
7 years ago
prz jaki miasta przechodzi mur chinskia
Kasia
#256
Kasia
8 years ago
Żal koleżanki mnie wpakowały żeby zrobić 3 strony informacji o murze Chińskim i to ja mam pisać ja sie do tego nie rwałam ale te informacje mi bardzo pomogły
Wojtek
#255
8 years ago
Wydaje mi się, że jednak mur nie jest widoczny z kosmosu, gdyż jak podejrzewam jest za cienki, dla potwierdzenia informacja ze strony NASA: http://www.nasa.gov/vision/space/workinginspace/great_wall.html Napisane jest tam także, że niby na czyimś zdjęciu widać kawałki tego muru w okolicach Mongolii (200 km od Beijing), ale napisano także, że prawie niemożliwe jest dostrzeżenie gołym okiem, gdyż materiał z którego wykonany jest mur ma kolor podobny do otoczenia i się z nim zlewa.
Andrzej
#254
Andrzej
8 years ago
Wiem, że mur chiński nie jest widoczny z kosmosu, czy może mi ktoś to potwierdzić?. (chodzi o zakład). Serdecznie pozdrawiam.
Om
Om
8 years ago
Mur chinski jest widoczny z kosmosu. Jest jedyna budowla zrobiona przez człowieka która widać gołym okiem z księżyca.
ktos
ktos
7 years ago
nie widać
Inezz
Inezz
7 years ago
Nie jest widoczny gołym okiem z kosmosu: Wielki Mur Chiński jest największą budowlą tego typu na świecie. Wbrew powszechnemu przekonaniu, nie jest widoczny "gołym okiem" z odległego kosmosu (np. z Księżyca), natomiast z niskiej orbity okołoziemskiej widocznych jest też wiele innych budowli, np. autostrady, lotniska czy tamy. /wikipedia/
pol
#250
pol
8 years ago
super
voldo32962
voldo32962
8 years ago
hehehe, mam zadanie na histe, napisać co powinno być 7 cudów świata, oczywiście według mnie.
donald tusk
8 years ago
tylko nie pisz ze galeria w twoim miescie
Enio
#247
Enio
8 years ago
Moja firma zafundowala wyjazd do Chin.Wszyscy jestesmy zachwyceni .Juz teraz czytam o Wielkim Murze Chinskim. Mysle ze w realu bedzie fajnie. Pozdrowionka
jerzy
#246
jerzy
9 years ago
jade w maj2009 do Chn - plan mur i klasztor Shoalin pozdrawiam turystow
Maciej
#245
Maciej
9 years ago
napewno ten widok jest fantastyczny
Kinkci
#244
Kinkci
10 years ago
spoko opis mam nadzieje że skuteczny okaze sie w piatek
thgy
#243
thgy
10 years ago
dobry opis może być
aleks
#242
aleks
10 years ago
a ja musze sie troche nauczyg do szkoly:(
ja :))))
#241
ja :))))
10 years ago
a ja byłam w Chinach :))) i widziałam ten Mur na własne oczy! Robi wrażenie, nie ma co :))) Pozdrawiam ciepło :*
Haha Haha
Haha Haha
6 years ago
Haha nie rozmieszaj mnie że ty w chinach bylas jestes
on
#239
on
11 years ago
O Wielkie Nieba - polskie czy tez chinskie - bez roznicy... Kochani komentatorzy chinskiej rzeczywistosci architektonicznej- sugeruje (na szczescie tylko co poniektorym) siegnac najpierw do slownika jezyka polskiego, bo czlowieka moze zywcem zamurowac chocby pisownia -mor-....
do on
8 years ago
Wpierw sam pisz poprawnie, a później pozostałych krytykuj.

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Wojciech Andruszkiewicz
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