United Nations in New York (USA) - The United Nations Headquarters
Location show on map
First Avenue and E 42nd Street, New York, USA
Date of build
Preparation of the site for construction - January 1947
location of the foundation stone - October 24, 1949
completion of the secretariat - 1950
completion of the entire complex - 1952
The complex consists of 4 buildings, these are: Assembly Hall of the General Assembly, the largest room in the building, housing over 1 800 people, the most important decisions of our times; conference building, Air Council, Economic and Social Council; emerald skyscraper, which houses the offices of the UN secretariat; and the Dag Hammarskjold Library, added in 1961, which is intended for staff of the secretariat, delegation and other official persons.
Providing 3,400 employees with work, the Secretariat is a 39-storey building with an aluminum scaffolding and all devices placed on the roof.
On the 38th floor there are the main offices of the UN secretariat.
Terrain for building a 7-hectare building was given to the United by John Rockefeller jr.
The building was designed by a total of 11 people, the main architect was Wallace K. Harrison, the others came from: Brazil, Sweden, Belgium, USSR, Canada, China, Great Britain , Australia, Uruguay and Poland (Maciej Nowicki).
The United Nations in 1999 had 188 countries. The flag of each of them flutters on masts placed in front of the Assembly Hall of the General Assembly.
The narrow ends of the walls are made of white marble; some of the walls are made of glass with a green shade. The floors intended for mechanical devices divide these glass façades into three parts.
The glass wall is interrupted on the 6th, 16th, 28th and 39th floors, by the air-conditioning, which occupies the entire width of the building.
The columns along the outer wall are 8.5 meters wide, and the glass wall is 0.8 meters away from them.
Some ambiguities appeared during the design of the complex. After a partial construction of the building, the Frenchman La Corbusier presented his project, which then became the basis for further construction. Corbuiser wanted to be considered the only designer of the edifice, but the assembly had already adopted the Harrison project. Corbuiser accused Harrison of stealing the project, even calling him "Gangster" in public.
We can find here numerous decorations, such as beautifully decorated with a stained-glass window, created by Frenchman Marc Chagall; Norman Rockwell's mosaic, given to the United Nations by the first US lady Nancy Reagan; a sculpture made of ivory donated by China; and a Japanese peace bell, made of coins collected by children from 60 countries.