Tower of London (England) - castle, fortress
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Date of build
Tower of London, or the London Fortress, is undoubtedly one of the most impressive buildings in this city. Its height reaches 28 meters (92 feet), and the wall thickness is 3.6 m.
The castle is surrounded by several rows of walls with several towers and a moat.
From William the Conqueror to James I (1603 - 1625) this stronghold was the seat of English kings.
This is where the first observatory, treasury, mint, arsenal of weapons and even a zoo were established.
The oldest part of the fortress is the White Tower, which houses the royal arsenal of weapons. The treasury - Jewel House, where the collection of crown jewels is located, enjoys great popularity among visitors. Tower Green is a place of execution in the past. Black granite slabs commemorate the place where the scaffold stood. Only kings were cut down here, in Tower Hill - aristocrats, and in Marble Arch - ordinary citizens. Next to Tower Hill there is Tower Bridge - probably the most famous bridge in Europe.
Official website: http://www.hrp.org.uk/TowerOfLondon/