Tikal (Guatemala) - pre-Columbian Maya civilization city, temple, capital
Where is located Tikal?
Address of Tikal is San Andrés, Petén, Guatemala
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When was built Tikal?
Built date of Tikal is From 200 - 800.
Facts, informations and history of Tikal
Tikal is located in the northern lowland part of the Maya territory, it was probably the largest center of this civilization.
In the middle of the city there was a huge square surrounded from the east and west by the pyramids of temples, and from the north they claim.
The Great Square is surrounded by temples and the acropolis. The central area occupied about 2.5 km.
The complex included 16 temples and approx. 3 thousand. buildings in which 10-45 thousand lived people. All buildings were connected by white paved roads called sac bes. These buildings included: palaces, temples, celebration platforms, courtyards, terraces, manor houses and steam baths.
Most of the Maya buildings were underpinned, which made them look more majestic, and in practice enabled more people to watch the festivities, and also protected buildings against floods .
There are 6 step pyramids in Tikal, which leads to the chambers at the top. The largest known as "Temple IV" ("Temple of the Two-headed Serpent"), is almost 65 m tall.
At the top of one of the largest hills is the Great Acropolis, a sacral building and a burial place for chiefs, another building of similar purpose is the 45-meter Temple I, but in addition it stands on the hill.
The location of Tikal halfway between two rivers allowed the rulers of this city - the state to control both overland and river trade routes.
The city of Tikal became the scenography of the rebel base in the movie by G. Lucas "Star Wars".
Tikal, as the only place in the world, has been declared by UNESCO as a national cultural heritage as well as nature.
"There are bas-reliefs, pyramids, temples in this destroyed city, damp marble, voices, creeping interwoven vines, the sound of flapping wings, drops falling into the vast silent sea, everything causes a faster heartbeat, is breathtaking, exhausts itself in greenery above the huge roof of Peten." - Miguel Ángel Asturias
How many meters have Tikal?
Height of Tikal is 64.6 m (212 ft) - the highest pyramid
Building Tikal is of type City
The Pre-Columbian architectural style is characteristic of cultures and civilisations that existed in the Americas before the arrival of European colonisers. These include: Maya, Aztec, Inca or Teotihuacanos. This style is mainly characterised by the use of natural materials such as stone, clay and wood. Also common to these cultures was the use of calcite stones and bricks for the construction of buildings and tall pyramids, which served as places of worship and burial for rulers. ... czytaj więcej.
Other dimensions, parameters and frequently asked questions
What area have Tikal?
Tikal have area of 16 km²
What material is the building made of?
Tikal is made of the following materials: Stone
What is the cost of entry for Tikal?
Tickets for Tikal are available at the following prices and variants:
- Entrance to the Tikal National Park:
- Adults: 150 GTQ (about $20 USD).
- Children under 12 years - free.
- Admission to the sunrise: 250 GTQ.
- Tickets purchased after 3pm are also valid the next day.
At what times is open Tikal?
Tikal is open or accessible to the public on the following dates and times:
- Tikal National Park is open daily for visits from 6:00 AM to 5:00 PM.
The building is also known by other common names or in the original language, i.e. Tikál, Tical
The official website of the building, where up-to-date information can be found, is http://tikalpark.com