Tikal (Guatemala) - pre-Columbian Maya civilization city, temple, capital
Location show on map
San Andrés, Petén, Guatemala
Date of build
From 200 - 800.
Tikal is located in the northern lowland part of the Maya territory, it was probably the largest center of this civilization.
In the middle of the city there was a huge square surrounded from the east and west by the pyramids of temples, and from the north they claim.
The Great Square is surrounded by temples and the acropolis. The central area occupied about 2.5 km.
The complex included 16 temples and approx. 3 thousand. buildings in which 10-45 thousand lived people. All buildings were connected by white paved roads called sac bes. These buildings included: palaces, temples, celebration platforms, courtyards, terraces, manor houses and steam baths.
Most of the Maya buildings were underpinned, which made them look more majestic, and in practice enabled more people to watch the festivities, and also protected buildings against floods .
There are 6 step pyramids in Tikal, which leads to the chambers at the top. The largest known as "Temple IV" ("Temple of the Two-headed Serpent"), is almost 65 m tall.
At the top of one of the largest hills is the Great Acropolis, a sacral building and a burial place for chiefs, another building of similar purpose is the 45-meter Temple I, but in addition it stands on the hill.
The location of Tikal halfway between two rivers allowed the rulers of this city - the state to control both overland and river trade routes.
The city of Tikal became the scenography of the rebel base in the movie by G. Lucas "Star Wars".
Tikal, as the only place in the world, has been declared by UNESCO as a national cultural heritage as well as nature.
Official website: http://tikalpark.com
"There are bas-reliefs, pyramids, temples in this destroyed city, damp marble, voices, creeping interwoven vines, the sound of flapping wings, drops falling into the vast silent sea, everything causes a faster heartbeat, is breathtaking, exhausts itself in greenery above the huge roof of Peten." - Miguel Ángel Asturias