St. Peter's Basilica in Rome (Vatican Italy) - Saint Peter's Square
Location show on map
Saint Peter's Square, Vatican Rome, Italy
Date of build
1506 - start of construction
November 18, 1626 - sacrifice of the basilica
- Other building names: San Pietro in Vaticano, St. Peter's of Rome, New St. Peters
- Building type: Basilica
- Architectural style: Italian renaissance
- Material: Stone, marble
- Cost: 200 million marks
- Height: 119 meters
- Area: 15160 m & # 178
- Architect: Donato BramanteRafaelFra Gioconda da VeronaGiuliano da SangalloMichał AniołCarlo ModernaG. L. Bernini
Under the basilica is the grave of apostle Peter.
The best and most famous architects worked on the construction of the temple for 120 years.
At the main altars, the celebration is celebrated by the head of the Catholic Church, Pope.
According to Bramante's design, the basilica was built on the plan of an isosceles cross with a huge dome above the center and small domes over the four arms.
Bernini's work is a 29-meter tall tabernacle above the main altar, a colonnade composed of 284 Tuscan columns in 4 rows and 88 pillars and 162 statues of saints on the balustrade.
The basilica extends 190 m deep and its dome has a span of 42 m.
In the middle of the square stands a 25-meter obelisk coming from Egypt.
Official website: http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_paolo/en/basilica/storia.htm
" The larger, older and richer House of God, associated with the greatest events in world history, is not in the entire Christian world. "