St. Peter's Basilica in Rome
Rome, Italy

St. Peter's Basilica in Rome (Vatican Italy) - Saint Peter's Square

Where is located St. Peter's Basilica in Rome?

Address of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is Saint Peter's Square, Vatican Rome, Italy
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When was built St. Peter's Basilica in Rome?

Built date of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is 1506 - start of construction
November 18, 1626 - sacrifice of the basilica

St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

Facts, informations and history of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

The best and most famous architects worked for 120 years to build the temple.

At its main altar, Mass is celebrated by the Pope, the head of the Catholic Church.

However, St. Peter's Basilica is not a cathedral or the official residence of the Pope. Both of these titles are held by St. John Lateran Basilica. However, because St. Peter's Basilica is located next to the papal residence and because of its size, it is where the most important church ceremonies are held.

The construction of the current basilica, which replaced the old St. Peter's Basilica from the 4th century AD, began on April 18, 1506 and was completed on November 18, 1626.

According to Bramante's design, the basilica was built on the plan of an isosceles Greek cross with a massive dome over the center and small domes over the four arms.

The basilica extends 190 meters in depth, and its dome spans 42 meters.

Under the basilica is the tomb of the apostle Peter.

There are more than 100 tombs in St. Peter's Basilica. Among them are 91 tombs of former popes and the tombs of Holy Roman Emperor Otto II and Queen Christina of Sweden.

Designed mainly by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, it is the most famous work of Renaissance architecture and one of the largest churches in the world.

The basilica was built of travertine stone and is 220 meters long and 150 meters wide. It covers an area of about 23,000 square meters.

Bernini's masterpiece is the 29-meter-high tabernacle above the main altar, the colonnade, composed of 284 Tuscan columns in 4 rows and 88 pillars, and 162 statues of saints on the balustrade.

The facade, designed by Maderno, is 114.69 meters wide and 45.55 meters high.

None of the works of art in St. Peter's Basilica are paintings, but only give the impression of paintings. They are mostly frescoes or mosaics that have been done with so much elaborate detail that they appear to be paintings.

In the middle of the square stands a 25-foot obelisk that originated in Egypt.

" The larger, older and richer House of God, associated with the greatest events in world history, is not in the entire Christian world. "

Architect of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

Architect of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is Donato BramanteRafaelFra Gioconda da VeronaGiuliano da SangalloMichał AniołCarlo ModernaG. L. Bernini

How many meters have St. Peter's Basilica in Rome?

Height of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is 119 meters

how many meters have St. Peter's Basilica in RomeScale

Construction/building type

Building St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is of type Basilica

A basilica is a specific architectural type of sacred buildings, often ecclesiastical. Originally, the term 'basilica' referred to buildings used for judicial or commercial purposes in ancient Rome, but was later adopted by the Catholic Church and became a term to describe important churches with a specific plan layout.... czytaj więcej.

Architectural style

Architectural style of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is Italian renaissance

Other dimensions, parameters and frequently asked questions

St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

What area have St. Peter's Basilica in Rome?

St. Peter's Basilica in Rome have area of 15160 m²

What material is the building made of?

St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is made of the following materials: Stone, marble

Cost

Build cost of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is 200 million marks

Other names

The building is also known by other common names or in the original language, i.e. San Pietro in Vaticano, St. Peter's of Rome, New St. Peters

Is the building on the UNESCO World Heritage List?

UNESCO
Yes, the building St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is inscribed on the UNESCO List under the reference 286.
The listing took place in the year 1984.
Details of the entry are available on the Unesco website at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/286/

Official website

The official website of the building, where up-to-date information can be found, is http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_paolo/en/basilica/storia.htm

Comments to St. Peter's Basilica in Rome (105) Average rating: 5 Add comment    /    Rate building

Your opinion
#0
Share your impressions... write something about the building...
5  /  5
Average rating

Based on 105 comments
Oleńka
#105
Oleńka
1 year ago
Święta Boża Bazylika Rzymskokatolicka Pod Wezwaniem Świętego Piotra.
Overall rating: detailed ratings
ixmen
#104
ixmen [www.i.pl]
2 years ago
Uwaga. Jedno ze zdjęć przedstawia rzeźby z portalu bazyliki w Nysie
kitoko
#103
kitoko
14 years ago
przyda sie
wojto
#102
wojto
14 years ago
opis budowli był pisany kilka lat temu, możliwe, że jakieś dane się zmieniły, lub źródła z których korzystałem były błędne, w takim wypadku proszę o informację które dane są błędne, to poprawię pozdrawiam, Wojtek
Kto
#101
Kto
14 years ago
Dzięki za ten link... ;p Przynajmniej bedzie o do napisania na plastykę... I faktycznie... Bardzo dużo błędó... xde.!!
confused
#100
confused
14 years ago
oj dużo tu błędów...
monika
#99
monika
15 years ago
przyda sie . super :)
Walery
#98
Walery
15 years ago
Jak dobrze pamiętam to dlugość Bazyliki św.Piotra wynosi 211 m. a nie 190 m. jak podano w charakterystyce Bazyliki . Kto tam nie był niech żałuje.Jest co oglądać.
zozik;];]
#97
zozik;];]
16 years ago
heh ja byłem i jest prze pięknie:)
Alien
#96
Alien
17 years ago
Opis...cóż, niezbyt szczegółowy ale bardzo treściwy
spox
#95
spox
17 years ago
fajnie wyglada w programie google earth najpiekniejsza budowl na świecie...dla mnie cud techniki!!!
madzia
#94
madzia
17 years ago
trohe mało zdjęc
anula
#93
anula
17 years ago
sa zdjecia ale za malo opisu,mogloby byc wiecej napisane ,nie sa to rzeczy az tak wazne
Cziqita
#92
Cziqita
17 years ago
Byłam tam i prawde mówiac jest tam mnóstwo rzeczy do zwiedzania...sama bazylika est bardzo molorowa...polecam i zachęcam do zwiedzania...:)
Kinga
#91
Kinga
17 years ago
Zawsze chcialam tam pojechać!
moi
#90
moi
17 years ago
impressive...but sed
kal
#89
kal
18 years ago
Na posadzce bazyliki zaznaczone najdłuższe bazyliki świata.Jest tam także zaznaczona bazylika NMP w Gdańsku.(w połowie długości)
kal
#88
kal
18 years ago
Niestety po smierci Bramantego plan zmienił najpierw Rafael Santi.Pózniej dodał 3 grosze wraz z kopułą Michał Anioł.Nie jest to juz krzyz grecki.Ma podłuzna nawę główną!Fasade nadał bazylice G. della Porta.
Natalka12233
#87
Natalka12233
18 years ago
Wow podoba mi sie to!!
Asiunia
#86
Asiunia
18 years ago
świetne!! opis tym bardziej, w końcu znalazłam to, czego szukałam. A długo nie musiałam szukać;)
alias_
#85
alias_
18 years ago
Ja sem robie na temat najciekawszych budowli Europy prace z kółka Europejskiego.... Nom... Jakby jakaś pomoc to piszcie na ola_buu@buziaczek.pl
lol
#84
lol
18 years ago
wspaniala budowla:)najlepsza na swiecie.Przecudna konstrukcja i urozmaicone budowle.Po dluzszej katemplacji doszedlem do wniosku ze nie przemawia ona zbedna dygresja lecz pozytywna energia emanujaca z niej tak bardzo!!!!!!!!!!
allfa
#83
allfa
18 years ago
Katedra w Sewilli jest większa od bazyliki św. Piotra w Rzymie. Czy ktoś mi to może wytłumaczyć?? ;)Dziękuję
serowa
#82
serowa
18 years ago
szukajcie a znajdziecie --->mateusz-ja ja znalazlam
mateusz-ja
#81
mateusz-ja
18 years ago
na stronie nie ma nic o budowi żelbetowej a wpisując hasło budyki żelbetowe wyświetlił mi się link do tej strony :(:(:(

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Today (27 February)
current weather in this location
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11.6 ° (min)     16.8 ° (max)
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1006 hPa
Tomorrow (28 February)
Tomorrow weather in this location
16.9 ° C
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1008 hPa
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