Great Sphinx of Giza
Giza, Egypt

Great Sphinx of Giza - 73 meters high monument with lion body and human head

Where is located Great Sphinx of Giza?

Address of Great Sphinx of Giza is Giza, Egypt
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When was built Great Sphinx of Giza?

Built date of Great Sphinx of Giza is Ok. 5000 years ago

Great Sphinx of Giza

Facts, informations and history of Great Sphinx of Giza

The Sphinx of Giza is one of the most recognizable structures of the ancient world, which has fascinated both historians and tourists for centuries. Its enigmatic nature and majestic appearance make it a symbol of mystery and mystery.

 

History and symbolism of the Sphinx

The Sphinx of Giza was carved out of the monolithic rock left after quarrying stone for the Great Pyramid 330 meters away. The statue was created during the reign of Pharaoh Khafre, whose portrait is probably the head of the Sphinx. In ancient Egypt, sphinxes were often depicted as guardians of temples and tombs, symbolizing strength and protection. The Sphinx of Giza, with its imposing presence, was supposed to guard the pyramids against evil spirits and enemies.

The Sphinx combines the features of a lion and a human, which symbolizes the combination of animal strength and human intelligence. Its body measures 20 meters high and 73 meters long, and its face is over 4 meters wide. The royal headdress and the cobra on the forehead emphasize his connection with the pharaoh and royal power. In the past, the statue was decorated with a ureus and a square beard, and the whole thing was plastered and painted red.

 

Secrets and riddles

One of the greatest mysteries of the Sphinx is the missing nose. There are many theories about what happened to the statue's nose. Some say it was lost due to the influence of sand and winds, others point to numerous earthquakes. There is also a legend that Napoleon's soldiers were supposed to organize a competition in shooting at the statue's nose. Whatever the truth, the lack of a nose adds even more mystery to the Sphinx.

In 1991, geologist Robert Schoch announced that the Sphinx had traces of water erosion, which remains a mystery to this day. Only the head of the statue does not show these marks, suggesting that it may have been altered. This theory has opened up new discussion about the history and age of the Sphinx, suggesting that it may have been older than previously thought.

 

Tunnels and maintenance

Inside the Sphinx there are three tunnels that have been discovered over the years. Two of them were discovered in 1881, but were only opened in 1979. The third tunnel was discovered in 1926 and has remained closed since then. These mysterious tunnels add another dimension to the statue's mystery, prompting speculation about their purpose and contents.

Over the centuries, the Sphinx was repeatedly covered with sand, which made its research and conservation difficult. Until 1926, the statue was buried up to its neck in sand. The last major conservation effort took place in the 1990s, when efforts were made to protect the statue from further damage. Thanks to these works, the Sphinx has survived to this day in relatively good condition, although it is still exposed to weather conditions.

 

Curiosities and facts

In the New Kingdom, the Sphinx gained new religious significance, becoming the symbol of Horus, the Egyptian sun god. The cult of the sun was one of the most important aspects of ancient Egyptian religion, and the Sphinx as its symbol additionally emphasized the role of the pharaoh as an intermediary between gods and people.

The Sphinx of Giza has fascinated people all over the world for centuries. Its mysterious nature and impressive appearance have inspired many literary works, films and games. It has also become a symbol of Egyptian culture and one of the most visited tourist sites in Egypt. His image can be found on numerous souvenirs, and stories about his secrets still attract researchers and history lovers.

 

Dimensions and construction

The Sphinx of Giza is one of the largest statues in the world. Its body is 20 meters high and 73 meters long, which makes it visible from a long distance. At its widest point, the face is over 4 meters high, which further emphasizes the monumental character of this building.

The statue was carved out of monolithic rock, which was a huge technical challenge for the ancient Egyptians. The rock left from quarrying the stone for the Great Pyramid was used, which further connects the Sphinx with this monumental building. Thanks to the precision and skill of the craftsmen, the statue has survived millennia, becoming one of the most recognizable symbols of ancient Egypt.

 

Sphinx in movies

The Sphinx of Giza, with its mysterious aura and majestic appearance, has long inspired filmmakers. His presence in films adds mysticism and historical background to the plots. The Sphinx has appeared in many films, both fiction and documentaries, becoming an iconic element of popular culture.

One of the first films in which the Sphinx appeared is "Cleopatra" from 1963. In this epic production about the life of one of the most famous Egyptian queens, the Sphinx is an important background for dramatic events. Its majestic appearance emphasizes the power and mystery of ancient Egypt.

Contemporary films also like to use the Sphinx motif. In "The Mummy" from 1999, the adventures of the characters take place in the shadow of this ancient statue, adding an element of adventure and horror to the plot. The Sphinx also appears in animations such as "Asterix and Obelix: Mission Cleopatra", where its presence adds a humorous touch to the story.

The Sphinx of Giza is also a frequent hero of documentaries. Productions such as "The Secrets of the Sphinx" or "The Sphinx: Keeper of Secrets" explore the history, secrets and theories related to this extraordinary statue. These documents often present the latest scientific discoveries and hypotheses that shed new light on the history of the Sphinx.

 

Summary

The Sphinx in Giza is not only an impressive building, but also a symbol of the mystery and mystery of ancient Egypt. Its history, dimensions and connections with the sun cult make it one of the most fascinating objects in the world. Despite numerous research and discoveries, the Sphinx still hides many secrets waiting to be discovered. Its majestic appearance and enigmatic nature make it an ever-fascinating object for both scientists and tourists from around the world.

"lived in our time a man named Saim al-Dahr, who was a dervish. This man, wanting to heal matters of religion, went to the pyramids and smeared the face of Abdul-Hol (one of the Arabic sphinx expressions), which henceforth remains to this day Since this disfigurement, sand has broken into farmlands in Giza, and people attribute it to Abdul-Hol." - Arabic chronicles of Al-Makrizi

How many meters have Great Sphinx of Giza?

Height of Great Sphinx of Giza is 20 meters

how many meters have Great Sphinx of GizaScale

Construction/building type

Building Great Sphinx of Giza is of type Monument, Statue

Architectural style

Architectural style of Great Sphinx of Giza is Ancient Egyptian

Ancient Egyptian architectural style was specific to Egypt between 3150 BC and 395 AD and was uniquely characteristic of the country and its culture. Egyptian architecture was inspired by the landscape and climatic conditions of the region and by the ever-growing needs of the society. ... czytaj więcej.

Other dimensions, parameters and frequently asked questions

Great Sphinx of Giza

How many meters have Great Sphinx of Giza?

Great Sphinx of Giza have length 73 meters

What material is the building made of?

Great Sphinx of Giza is made of the following materials: Monolith

Other names

The building is also known by other common names or in the original language, i.e. Hor-em Archet (egip.)

Is the building on the UNESCO World Heritage List?

UNESCO
Yes, the building Great Sphinx of Giza is inscribed on the UNESCO List under the reference 86.
The listing took place in the year 1979.
Details of the entry are available on the Unesco website at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/86/

Comments to Great Sphinx of Giza (88) Average rating: 5 Add comment    /    Rate building

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Based on 88 comments
niebieskooka-aniu
#38
niebieskooka-aniu
18 years ago
niezły opis al;e troche mało szegółowy :P
Daroo
#37
Daroo
18 years ago
Byłem tam pod Sfinksem i przewodniczka opowiadała ,że Sfinks nie ma nosa ponieważ gdy Napoleon podbijał Egipt to pod Sfinksem odbywała się bitwa i Napoleon strzelił ze strzelby w Sfinksa i nos odpadł ! (taka legenda)
Mistrzunio
#36
Mistrzunio
18 years ago
Sfinks nie ma nosa, bo jakiś władca muzułmański, zdobywając Egipt, zniszczył go strzelbą.
Kaczka:]
#35
Kaczka:]
18 years ago
bardzo ladne!
Agnieszka W
#34
Agnieszka W
18 years ago
i to też Sfinks jest sumper ale ciągle się zastanawiam dlaczego on nie ma nosa?Moglibyście mi to napisać?Z góry dzieki:]
Pati
#33
Pati
18 years ago
Sfinks jest sumper ale ciągle się zastanawiam dlaczego on nie ma nosa?Moglibyście mi to napisać?Z góry dzieki:]
agata
#32
agata
18 years ago
sfinks jest super bardzo chcialabym zobaczyc go i piramidy z bliska
Paula
#31
Paula
18 years ago
Sfinksy są fajne. Chciałabym pojechać kiedyś do Egiptu. Strona jest OK. :-)
H
#30
H
18 years ago
Sfinks to coś co może nas zaskoczyć.
arto
#29
arto
18 years ago
Kasyno New Paradise w Las Vegas jest NIESAMOWICIE podobne do sfinksa i do piramid...
agnes
#28
agnes
19 years ago
czy ktos mi moze pomoc?jak sie nazywał egipski bog slonca?
fiu-bzdziu
#27
fiu-bzdziu
19 years ago
swietna strona, znalazlam wszystko czego potrzebowalam ale Horus to przeciez nie jest bog slonca tylko swiatla :/
Kasia
#26
Kasia
19 years ago
Jest tu super.ta strona jest o.k.
krzych
#25
krzych
19 years ago
sfinks jako najstarszy monument na płaskowyżu Giza,horyzontalnie ustawiony perfekcyjnie do linii wschodów i zachodów słonca, jest jego ziemskim odzwierciedleniem. Sfinks jest Słońcem Sphinx it's SUN K.K.
Kunegunda
#24
Kunegunda
19 years ago
Kto był architektem?
twardy
#23
twardy
19 years ago
nie znoszę tej budowli.chętnie rozwalił bym ją!
Monika
#22
Monika
19 years ago
Uznaje się, że twarz Sfinksa przedstawia któregoś z dawnych władców Egiptu. Niezależni badacze zwrócili jednak uwagę na dysproporcję między długim ciałem a małą głową, stosunkowo dobrze zachowaną (nie licząc utrąconego nosa). Zasugerowano więc, że posąg poddany został niegdyś "renowacji". Sfinks jest rzeźbą wykutą z podłoża; przy czym całe ciało znajduje się poniżej poziomu gruntu. Po prostu leży w wyrąbanej niszy. Udowodniono, że w ciągu ostatnich czterech i pół tysiąca lat był wielokrotnie zasypywany. Ponoć w sumie przez ponad trzy tysiące lat ciało było przykryte piaskiem. A wystawała tylko wielka głowa. Zachowały się nawet fotografie z ubiegłego stulecia, na których widać wystającą z piachu tajemniczą twarz. A ciała - ani śladu. Tak więc bardzo łatwo było, bez budowania olbrzymich rusztowań, nadać głowie dowolne kształty. I dziś jest ona dobrze zachowana. Ciało Sfinksa, po odsłonięciu, nie nosí śladów erozji wywołanej przez wiatr, a jedynie przez wodę lejącą się z góry tysiącami lat. Udowodnili to geolodzy z różnych uczelni, m.in. prof. Robert Schoch, specjalista z zakresu wietrzenia skał, wykładający na Uniwersytecie Bostońskim (ITSA). I nawet gdyby wszyscy egiptolodzy zjedli ze złości paznokcie, to nic nie podważy tego stwierdzenia. Najostrożniejsze datowanie wielkich opadów sięga 5-7 tys. lat p.n.e., Wtedy to panowała neolityczna era deszczowa. Niektórzy jednak sądzą, że wody tej nie było dość dla tak rozległego zniszczenia ciała Sfinksa. Jest bardzo prawdopodobne, że miały w tym swój udział opady tzw. pierwszej ery deszczowej, panującej na terenie dzisiejszego Egiptu 10 -15 tys. lat przed naszą erą. Jedno jest pewne - nauka udowodniła, że Sfinks jest wielokroć starszy niż do tej pory uważano. Starszy niż piramidy.
Korniszon
#21
Korniszon
19 years ago
Cyt:"...ktoś bedzie wiedział jak sfinks stracił nos:>:". Często powtarza się BZDURY jakoby to Niemcy w czasie II wojny światowej z armat utrącili nosek albo w ten sam sposób wcześniej wojska napoleońskie to zrobiły. TO BZDURY !!! Noska już nie było w XV wieku - co można zobaczyć na rysunkach znanych malarzy z tamtych czasów. A od kiedy go JUŻ NIE BYŁO ?
W
#20
W
19 years ago
Nie wierzę w te dane, uważam, że Sfinks jest o wiele starszy
mika
#19
mika
19 years ago
dzieki ze masz takie cenne informacje przydadz mi sie
Lina
#18
Lina
19 years ago
Fajne zdjęcia. Przydadzą mi się w moim referacie.Dzięki ;)
Alis
#17
Alis
19 years ago
Dzięki tej stronie udało mi sie zrobic prace.Dzięki.
daris
#16
daris
19 years ago
małę pytanko moshe ktoś bedzie wiedział jak sfinks stracił nos:>:
Mikaka
#15
Mikaka
19 years ago
Strona bardzo mi się podoba. Zamiast siedzieć nad książkami kilikam i gotowe. A tak wogóle to uwielbiam Egipt jest to najbardziej fascynujące miejsce na Ziemi.
Nati:)
#14
Nati:)
19 years ago
Stronka jest super, juz nie raz z niej korzystałam!

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