Parthenon in Athens (Greece) - ancient temple on Acropol
Where is located Parthenon?
Address of Parthenon is Acropol, Athens, Greece
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When was built Parthenon?
Built date of Parthenon is 477 BC - 438 BC
Facts, informations and history of Parthenon
The temple in honor of Athena Partenos, the virgin patron of Athens, is considered an excellent example of classical architecture, a masterpiece of sculptural art.
The length of the building is 69.5 m, and the width 30.9 m. Peristyle or external colonnade, surrounded the internal building called cella, housing the building in which he found a giant goddess statue made of gold and ivory. Peristyle consisted of 46 columns, of which 8 were visible from the front of the temple, and 17 on the sides. The columns were marble, similar to the pediments and entablatures supported on them. The roof of the temple was wooden. The style of the building was a development of the style of simple wooden constructions.
The eastern room was 29.8 m long and 19.2 m wide, the Doric columns are 1.9 m in diameter and 10.4 m in height.
Parthenon was not only a temple, it also served as an art gallery, it was a perfect setting for rich sculptures. He also served as an Orthodox church, a Roman Catholic church and a mosque.
In the 6th century, the Parthenon was transformed into a Christian church, from 1204 it served as a Latin church until 1458 when it was turned into a mosque by Turkish conquerors .
"The most perfect monument of ancient art, which even as a ruin impresses and moves." - Beadeker
Architect of Parthenon
Building Parthenon is of type Temple
Architectural style of Parthenon is Ancient greek dorian
What material is the building made of?
Parthenon is made of the following materials: Stone, marble
Is the building on the UNESCO World Heritage List?
The listing took place in the year 1987.
Details of the entry are available on the Unesco website at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/404/
The official website of the building, where up-to-date information can be found, is http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/2/eh251.jsp?obj_id=912