Moszna Castle (Poland) - a castle of a million stars
Location show on map
Zamkowa Street 1, Moszna, Poland
Date of build
Moszna Castle is one of the most beautiful and well-known architectural objects in Poland. The building in a small Opole town was built in the mid-seventeenth century. Outstanding noble families used the building for over 300 years. The Tiele Winckler family, who managed the estate from 1866 to 1945, had the greatest contribution to the shape and appearance of the castle.
In 1896 a fire broke out in the castle, which consumed the central part of the building. In the same year, the damaged walls and interiors were rebuilt, and the residence was expanded. By 1900, the eastern wing was built in the neo-Gothic style, and by 1914 the western part was added in the neo-Renaissance style.
In 1945, the Tiele Winckler family was forced to leave the residence, which was taken over by the Red Army. The Soviet army devastated the inside of the castle, stolen works of art, paintings and sculptures.
After World War II, the building changed hands and mainly served various institutions. From 1972 to 2013, the castle housed a sanatorium. Currently, it is in the hands of a private owner.
The hallmark of the Moszna Castle are numerous towers, gables and spiers, of which there are exactly 99. The building has 365 rooms for 8 thousand. m².
The castle has been open to tourists since 1998. Currently, the facility has an extensive hotel and catering base. Nearby there is a vast park, a horse farm and a cemetery where members of the Tiele-Winckler family are buried.
Interiors from many periods present various architectural styles, such as: Art Nouveau (coffee room), which connects with the Baroque (dining room), Renaissance (library), neo-Gothic (chapel, currently a concert hall) and Rococo (salon in the library). Stairs lead from the baroque dining room to the huge, classical conservatory.
The glass conservatory adjoins the eastern wing of the palace, giving a slight breeze of lightness to the whole block. Mainly fresh, exotic and thermophilic plants grow there, but there are also plants planted 40-60 years ago. The conservatory also has a stuffed mouflon, a souvenir of a great hunt in which the German Emperor Wilhelm II took part.
The park of over 200 hectares is the attraction of Moszna. Impressive avenues of red oaks, chestnut and lime trees as well as numerous ponds, canals, bridges and rhododendrons welcome tourists already at the huge gates.
There are several legends about the castle, one of them is associated with the original building. According to her, the main builder of the castle Franz Hubert Tiele-Winckler had to be very careful that there were exactly 99 towers, because if there were 100, he would have to hold a garrison of the army.
The second legend says that the family had 99 estates and the count decided to express it in the number of turrets. Like any decent castle, this one also has its own white lady. The apparition that appears at night is probably the governess who was unhappily in love with the count and took her life for love. Apparently, one of the towers is reserved for the skeleton. It is possible that this is a reference to the ghost of the unhappy woman haunting the castle.
The name of the building raises a lot of controversy. Most often the term Moszna Castle is heard, however, according to the definition, it should be called a palace, because the castle is a building with a dominant defensive function, and Moszna Castle served mainly residential functions. The term castle in Moszna is also in circulation, and so we also titulate the residence of the Tiele-Winckler family.
The castle resembles Hogwarts, which is why gold lovers of Harry Potter novels are organized here. Camps for children are organized in the castle, during which they take part in herbalism, divination and even quidditch classes.
Official website: https://mosznazamek.pl/