Hagia Sophia in Istanbul (Turkey) - byzantine church
Location show on map
Istanbul (historically Constantinople), Turkey
Date of build
In 336, Emperor Constantine the Great built the first church in place of the present Hagia Sophia, he called it "Meggale ekklesia" - a great church. Two hundred years later, the building burned down during the uprising. Emperor Justinian rebuilt the church, making it even bigger and more beautiful.
The building fulfilled the role of a Christian church and Islamic mosque, and now there is a museum there.
In the construction you can see many additions and alterations, the original shape remained only the main dome, which rises 56 meters above the church nave.
The building is covered with golden mosaics. Thousands of workers put up for the construction for six years all valuables, the most beautiful marbles, the most splendid columns.
The first structure partially collapsed after the earthquake and in 563 it was replaced by a higher structure.
Hagia Sophia today serves as a model for the construction of many eastern mosques.
Official website: http://ayasofyamuzesi.gov.tr
" Religiosity and the art of interior decorating, color and shapes, light and legend swirl and mix here in an unmatched way" - prof. Dr. Nastainczyk - "As a building, it explicitly reveals the Eucharistic transparency of all the inhabitants of the Earth, in its history an eschatological coincidence of lived faith. em>"