Great Belt in Denmark - 18 km bridge over the Great Belt
Location show on map
Between the islands of Zealand and Funen, Denmark
Date of build
1991 - starting work
June 1997 - opening of the tunnel for trains
June 14, 1998 - opening of a road link
The complex consists of two bridges: Eastern Bridge, 4 car tracks with a length of 1,624 meters, Western Bridge between Sprogoe and Funen with a length of 6,611 m and double tunnel with 8 067 m tracks. Between 31 main tunnels 31 connecting tunnels were located, every 250 meters. These tunnels also serve as evacuation exits.
June 12, 1986 The Danish Parliament approved the construction of the Great Belt connection. After 12 years of intense construction work, Her Majesty Queen of Denmark, Margrethe II, inaugurated the construction of the bridge on June 14, 1998, the building became the largest engineering undertaking in the history of Denmark.
Currently it is the second longest hanging bridge in the world, only the Japanese Akashi Kaikyo is longer.
Measuring 254 meters two pylons of the East Great Belt bridge are the highest points in Denmark. They are 26 meters higher than the Golden Gate Bridge pylons, for which over 50 years have been the highest record in the world.
The bridge is located 75 meters above sea level and each of its sections weighs 1,000 tons. At the length of 2.7 km between two "anchors" there are a total of 57 such sections.
The main cable supporting the bridge is 85 cm in diameter and it is a weave of 18 648 threads, each of them 5 mm in diameter.
From June 1, 1997, all trains drive a tunnel, specially designed for this, it allowed to shorten the transport time by Great Belt from one hour to seven minutes. However, the travel time decreased even more, by as much as 90 minutes and the number of seats in trains increased to 40,000. At present, an average of 20,600 cars pass through the bridge daily.
Transport over the bridge is very safe. Report of the Minister of Transport on the safety of the bridge contains 47 points, including the multiplicity of emergency exits, the fact that at the same time only one train with flammable materials may be in tunnels, tunnels are equipped with special danger systems, when the train exceeds the speed limit or when the stop sign is passed, the brakes are partially applied.