Empire State Building
New York, United States

Empire State Building in New York (USA) - 449 m skyscraper

Where is located Empire State Building?

Address of Empire State Building is 350 5th Avenue, New York, New York, USA
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When was built Empire State Building?

Built date of Empire State Building is 1930 - 1931
March 17, 1930 - construction begins
May 1, 1931 - official opening

Empire State Building

Facts, informations and history of Empire State Building

The Empire State Building is one of the most recognizable buildings in the world, which has become an icon of New York since its construction. Rising to a height of 381 meters without the antenna, and including it reaching 449 meters, it is a true testament to engineering excellence and the undying ambition of humanity.

 

History and construction

The Empire State Building was for a long time the tallest building in the world, and its construction was a real challenge that required the involvement of thousands of workers and a huge amount of building materials. The skyscraper was built in a record time of 410 days, an incredible feat even in this day and age. Construction began on March 17, 1930 and ended on April 11, 1931. The official opening took place on May 1, 1931, when President Herbert Hoover turned on the building's lights by pressing a button remotely from Washington.

During construction, 60,000 tons of steel, 5,663 cubic meters of lime and granite, 740 tons of aluminum and stainless steel were used for the external walls, and 10 million bricks and 5,600 cubic meters of stone for the floors, walls and basements. More than 3,400 people worked on it, five of whom lost their lives during the work.

 

Technical innovations and functionality

The Empire State Building impresses not only with its height, but also with the advanced technology that was used during its construction and subsequent modernization. Electrical installation cables have a total length of approximately 692 km, which shows how extensive the building's infrastructure is. There are also 112 miles of water pipes, 80 central heating pipes, 1,060 miles of telephone cables and 6,514 windows.

The building is also equipped with 73 elevators, including 6 freight elevators, which can transport up to 10,000 people per hour. This makes it extremely functional, especially since the building contains office space for 15,000 people. Moreover, there are 1,575 stairs from the base to the 86th floor, and there are even competitions organized to overcome them as quickly as possible. The record in this field is held by Paul Crake, who ran this distance in 10 minutes and 15 seconds.

 

Place in culture and tourism

The Empire State Building has become not only an architectural icon, but also an important point on the tourist map of New York. There are observation platforms on floors 86 and 102 which are visited by approximately 4 million people every year. On a clear day, you can see as far as New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.

The observatory on the 102nd floor was originally planned as a check-in area for zeppelins docked at the tower. Although this plan was never implemented, the idea itself shows how innovative the designers' approach was.

The Empire State Building is also the site of many events, such as the annual Valentine's Day Wedding Pageant. Each year, 14 couples get married on the observation deck on February 14, becoming members of the Empire State Building Wedding Club and receiving free annual admission to the observatory on their wedding anniversary.

 

Accidents and events

The history of the Empire State Building is not free from dramatic events. In July 1945, a US B-25 bomber hit the 79th floor of the building, resulting in the death of 14 people. This tragic event became one of the most famous incidents in the history of the building, at the same time emphasizing its strength and solidity of the structure.

It is also worth mentioning that the building was designed as a lightning rod. Every year, approximately 24 lightning strikes strike the lightning rod located on top of the structure. Due to static electricity accumulating at the top of the building, couples kissing there may sometimes feel a slight spark.

 

Contemporaneity and importance

After the collapse of the World Trade Center towers in 2001, the Empire State Building once again became the tallest building in New York until One World Trade Center was completed in April 2012. The building is still one of the most important landmarks in the city and the headquarters of many companies, such as LinkedIn, Shutterstock, Coty, Bulova, Skanska.

The Empire State Building is also the most photographed building in the world. In 2011, Cornell researchers analyzed millions of Flickr photos and came to this conclusion. This proves how much the building has become embedded in the consciousness of people around the world as a symbol of New York and American architecture.

 

Summary

The Empire State Building is not only an icon of New York, but also a symbol of human determination and innovation. His story, from planning and construction, through numerous dramatic events, to its contemporary functions and significance, make it one of the most important buildings in the world. Thanks to its extraordinary height, advanced technology and rich history, the Empire State Building continues to attract millions of tourists and remains an important element of the New York landscape. Whether you are a lover of architecture, history or simply a tourist who wants to admire breathtaking views, the Empire State Building will certainly not disappoint.

Architect of Empire State Building

Architect of Empire State Building is William Lamb z biura Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates.

How many meters have Empire State Building?

Height of Empire State Building is 449 m - to the top of the mast
381 m - without a television tower
369 m - the top floor

how many meters have Empire State BuildingScale

Construction/building type

Building Empire State Building is of type Skyscraper, Office building

Architectural style

Architectural style of Empire State Building is Art Deco

Art Deco is an architectural style that flourished in the 1920s and 1930s and was characterised by modern and elegant design. Its name comes from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, or the International Exhibition of Decorative and Industrial Arts, which took place in Paris in 1925. ... czytaj więcej.

Other dimensions, parameters and frequently asked questions

Empire State Building

What area have Empire State Building?

Empire State Building have area of 0.8 ha

What material is the building made of?

Empire State Building is made of the following materials: Steel, stone

Cost

Build cost of Empire State Building is $ 40,948,900 - total including land$ 24.718 million - the building itself

Official website

The official website of the building, where up-to-date information can be found, is http://www.esbnyc.com

Comments to Empire State Building (141) Average rating: 5 Add comment    /    Rate building

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#0
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Based on 141 comments
robert
#141
robert
3 years ago
super budynek
Overall rating: detailed ratings
Kate
#140
Kate
5 years ago
Kocham tę budowlę!
Overall rating: detailed ratings
P
#139
P
14 years ago
135. Łukasz 02/06/2006 01:37 -Drogi Łukaszu,co do twojej wypowiedzi! To ten Maszt co miał 646m.to On stał do roku 1991 i się zawalił! A i nie w jakimś Gąbinie tylko Konstantynowie. :] --------------------------------------------------------- A Empire jest super wieżowcem! Nawet jeśli jest niski to ma zaje*** styl! A i zgadzam się z wypowiedzią : 120. Dude 17/02/2006 16:08 pozdro
martynka
#138
martynka
15 years ago
Adi nie prawie cały manhattan, tylko cały manhattan i dużą czesc NY... oczywiscie jak nie ma duzej wilgotnosci, bo wtedy jest zła widocznosc...:) Ja bylam tylko w dzien niestety, kolejki niesamowite, bramki, jak na lotnisku :D Najlepsze w Empire State są zmieniające się oświetlenia...w zależnosci od pory roku, albo jakiegos swieta, rocznicy, ważnego meczu....z tego co pamiętam, najfajniej prezetuje się zielony niebieski i pomaranczowy :))
hibu
#137
hibu
15 years ago
bylam wczoraj na Empire. Minusem zwiedzania sa gigantyczne, ciagnace sie az po sam szczyt kolejki, a plusem, ktorego nic nie pobije sa niesamowite widoki. Bylam wieczorem to jeszcze lepiej niz w dzien:DD
michal1997@vp.pl
#136
michal1997@vp.pl
16 years ago
Fajni wygląda w nocy. Bardzo wysokie te budynki.Najlepiej wyglądają z lotu ptaka
ADI
#135
ADI
16 years ago
ta wieża jest genialna z tej wieży widać prawie cały MANHATAN
mak$ior
#134
mak$ior
16 years ago
Zobaczcie se na zdjęcie 5 od Góry widać empire state i wtc
Malgosiaa
#133
Malgosiaa
16 years ago
ja rowniez mialam okazje zwiedzic i naprawde warto...dla tych widokow...niesamowite przezycie;d obce chwalicie a swojego nie znacie.. taaaa jasne....aze niby palac kultury jest lepszy??? poza...jak dla mmmnie wyglad nie jest taki istoitny.,.wazne jak jest w srodku i jaki widok!!! super, polecam...teraz wstep $18 ;P
Kseniu
#132
Kseniu
16 years ago
Mi się podoba. Nie jest to cudo ale ma to coś w sobie. Ja z reguły nie zbut toleruje pojęcia gigantyzmu u mężczyzm ale to je do zniesienia. Najładniejszy jest nocą. Widziałam go na żywo
Marko from Tychy
#131
Marko from Tychy
16 years ago
Do iglicy Empire... mogly cumowac Zeppeliny. Technicznie bylo to mozliwe, jednak tego nie praktykowano ze wzgledu na niebezpieczne podmuchy wiatru.
BK
#130
BK
16 years ago
Łukasz: ale ten maszt nieopodal Gąbina zawalił się w 1991 roku, a Empire stoi nadal.
BK
#129
BK
16 years ago
Makari: English please. :-)
MAKARI
#128
MAKARI
17 years ago
ist viel funden is palac kultuly und nauki w Polend and ferfien kolen zomen gadej skolas ist USA
m@teusz
#127
m@teusz
17 years ago
Ten budynek jet wysoki bylem na nim 5 miejsce znakomicie wypad bardzo dobrze wysoki jak ok.drapacz chmur!!!!!!!!!!!
Walker
#126
Walker
17 years ago
Pięknie prezentuje się w tym mieście.W końcu NY to światowa stolica drapaczy chmur
k@rol
#125
k@rol
17 years ago
jest ok
w
#124
w
17 years ago
cud techniki XXw
Bobic
#123
Bobic
17 years ago
Powinno być więcej w Polsce takich budynkow ale w Katowicach
martyna
#122
martyna
17 years ago
najladniejszy budynek nowego jorku to moj dom z widokiem na nj.
marcin
#121
marcin
17 years ago
mialem okazje zobaczyc go z bliska jest normalnie zajebsty noca najlepij wyglada bo wszystko jest oswietlone
wew
#120
wew
17 years ago
Forsa, Forsa i jeszcze raz forsa
Bin Laden
#119
Bin Laden
17 years ago
Hello Kargul.x ja kocham te budowle więc nie atakuje!!!.PS piękna budowla najlepsza na świecie.
Warszawianka
#118
Warszawianka
18 years ago
a ja kocham Pałac Kultury!
Kargul.x
#117
Kargul.x
18 years ago
Nic w nim fajnego nie ma. Nawet Bin Laden wybrał sobie inny cel. Co wy się tak uparliście że wszystko co amerykańskie jest najlepsze? Cudze chwalicie, swojego nie znacie Popieram w 100% zdanie Łukasza. Oni zbudowali taki wielki na pokaz, żeby mieć się czym chwalić. W Polsce była potrzeba zbudowania masztu o wysokości wynikającej z długości nadawanych fal więc go zbudowano.

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