Empire State Building in New York (USA) - 449 m skyscraper
Location show on map
350 5th Avenue, New York, New York, USA
Date of build
1930 - 1931
March 17, 1930 - construction begins
May 1, 1931 - official opening
- Building type: Skyscraper, Office building
- Architectural style: Art Deco
- Material: Steel, stone
- Cost: $ 40,948,900 - total including land $ 24.718 million - the building itself
Height: 449 m - to the top of the mast
381 m - without a television tower
369 m - the top floor
- Area: 0.8 ha
- Architect: William Lamb z biura Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates.
The Empire State Building has for more than 40 years been inscribed in the memory of everyone as the world's tallest building. In 1973 he was overtaken by another New York skyscraper 417 meters long World Trade Center . It was also the first building in the world that had over 100 floors.
The Empire State Building became the tallest building in New York after the collapse of the World Trade Center towers in 2001. In April 2012, the new One World Trade Center picked up give him this title.
Over 3400 people worked on the construction of a skyscraper, and as recorded in official documents, five of them lost their lives while working.
They used 60,000 tons of steel for the structure, 5663 m³ of calcium and granite, 740 tons of aluminum and stainless steel for external walls, as well as 10 million bricks and 5600 cubic meters of stones for floors, walls and basement.
The electrical wiring has a total length of approx. 692 km, there are also 112 km of water pipes, 80 central heating pipes, 1060 miles of telephone cables, 6514 windows , 3194547 light bulbs and 7450 tons of cooling devices.
The Empire State Building was built in just 410 days, which is a record speed compared to the much slower speed with which modern skyscrapers are usually built.
The building was officially opened on May 1, 1931, when President Herbert Hoover turned on the light by pressing a button in Washington.
There are 73 elevators in the building, including 6 freight lifts.
There are observation platforms on floors 86 and 102. About 4 million people visit this tourist attraction every year.
Every month hundreds of tonnes of waste and rubbish are removed from the building.
Empire State was designed as a lightning rod, every year about 24 lightning strikes a lightning bolt placed on the top of the building. Due to the static electricity that builds up at the top of the building, couples who are kissing there can sometimes feel sparks.
On a clear day, visitors can see distant areas of 80 miles towards New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.
In the building there are office spaces for 15,000 people, and elevators can carry 10,000 people per hour.
From the base of the building to the 86th floor leads 1575 stairs, there are organized competitions involving the fastest run this distance, the record belongs to Paul Crake, who defeated these stairs in 10 minutes and 15 seconds.
In July 1945, the US B-25 bomber hit the 79th floor of the Empire State, then 14 people were killed.
There are so many companies in ESB that they have received their own zip code 10118. Their headquarters here include LinkedIn, Shutterstock, Coty, Bulova, Skanska.
The observatory on the 102nd floor was originally planned as a check-in area for zeppelins (airships) docked near the tower.
Every year there is a Valentine's wedding competition, in which 14 couples are going to the wedding on February 14 on the observation deck. They become members of the Empire State Building Wedding Club and receive an annual free access to the observatory on February 14 (their anniversary).
In 2011, researchers from Cornell analyzed millions of photos from the Flickr site and concluded that the Empire State Building is the most photographed building in the world.
Official website: http://www.esbnyc.com