Château de Chambord - the largest castle in the Loire valley
Location show on map
Chateau 41250, Chambord, France
Date of build
1519 - 1547
Chateau de Chambord is the largest architectural structure in the Loire River Valley. This French region is famous for its medieval and Renaissance castles and châteaux. The Chateau de Chambord is one of the finest works of architecture of the Renaissance period.
Building of the castle began in 1519 and was completed in 1559; the castle was built at the request of Kings Francis I and Henry II. Currently, the Chambord castle is owned by the French state.
The main designer of the Chambord Castle is the French king.
The main designer of the castle was an architect of Italian origin, Domenico da Cortona. During the 40 years of construction, the design underwent numerous changes. The influence of Leonardo da Vinci can also be seen in Chambord, for example, the staircase in the middle of the fortress was made in the shape of two spirals turning in the same direction but not crossing each other.
The staircase in the middle of the fortress was made in the shape of two spirals turning in the same direction but not crossing each other.
This double staircase designed by Leonardo da Vinci has 274 steps and is the pride of this castle. They made it so that the king never met his servants on the stairs.
Originally, Chateau de Chambord was intended to be a hunting lodge. The structure of the castle is reminiscent of a medieval fortress, built on a rectangular plan, in the corners of which towers were built with a diameter of 20 meters. The central building is built on a square plan called donjon, also in its corners there are towers.
The main facade of the castle is the central building, blending in with the larger structure with one wall. The towers of the facade are finished with sloping roofs. The facade of the castle is 128 metres long and 56 metres high.
The castle's roof is rich with many towers, lanterns and chimneys, making the Chateau de Chambord instantly recognizable. Its north-west facade has been restored and two wings have been added to the castle. King Francis compared this roof to Constantinople.
The main purpose of the castle's construction was to serve as a short resting place for hunting.
The castle has 440 rooms, 84 staircases, 800 carved capitals and 365 fireplaces. The emblem of King Francis I depicts a salamander. The symbol is carved into the walls, doors and ceilings throughout the palace.
The Chateau de Chambord was one of the defensive castles, has a total of 11 towers and is surrounded by a moat. The property is surrounded by a wall 32 kilometers long with 6 gates.
In the distance, the castle is surrounded by a natural park with an area of about 5440 ha. This park is as vast in area as inner Paris. It is the largest enclosed park in Europe.
This is the largest chateau in the Loire Valley, and let us remind you that there are more than 300 of them here. French Renaissance architecture is combined here with classical Renaissance structures.
The design of Chambord was significantly altered during the many years of its construction from 1519 to 1547. The redesign was done by Pierre Nepveu, among others. Unfortunately, in 1792 some of the furnishings of the castle were sold, while most of the wood was removed during the French Revolution. The castle was then abandoned and reoccupied in the 19th century, when restoration work was carried out to restore it to its former glory.
From 1725 to 1733, Stanislas Leszczynski, exiled king of Poland and father-in-law of Louis XV, lived here.
During World War II, the castle was used to house valuable art collections from the Louvre and the castle of Compiegne. During the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, the castle was used as a hospital.
The Chateau was also used as a hospital.
Official website: https://www.chambord.org
"When I was a young man, King Francois of France greatly admired my bare buttocks. I have that information only by hearsay, of course, because my buttocks were in the king's chateau of Chambord while I was here in Italy." - Alan Fisk, "Cupid and the Silent Goddess"