Borobudur
Magelang, Indonesia

Borobudur (Indonesia) - the largest Buddhist temple in the world

Where is located Borobudur?

Address of Borobudur is Magelang, Java, Indonesia
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When was built Borobudur?

Built date of Borobudur is Years 750 - 825 A.D.

Borobudur

Facts, informations and history of Borobudur

Borobudur is a Buddhist temple located in Indonesia, near Magelang on Java.

The Borobudur Temple is one of the most complex buildings in the world and the largest Buddhist monument in the world. It was inscribed on the Guinness record list as the largest archaeological site of a Buddhist temple in the world. Its area is 15129 square meters (123 x123 meters).

The approximate time of creation of the monument is between 750 - 825 AD. Construction lasted 75 years and was completed during the reign of the Samaratungga of the Sailendra dynasty. There is no mention of the purpose of the building, and the Gunadharma is considered a probable architect.
This unusual structure is built as one big stupa, the simplest type of Buddhist sacred building. The bird's eye view of Borobudura shows the form of a giant tantric Buddhist mandala.

The temple has no interior, consists of nine-story platforms, six square and three circular ones, topped with a central dome.

The whole is decorated with a total of 2672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues, which together decorate an area of 2520 m². The central dome is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues.

About 55 thousand cubic meters of stones were used to build the monument. They form a structure that can be divided into three parts: base, main part, and superstructure. This is consistent with the concept of the universe of Buddhist beliefs, which assumes the division of the universe into three spheres: desires (kamadhatu), forms (rupadhatu), and formlessness (arupadhatu). Kamadhatu is represented by the base, rupadhatu by five square terraces, and arupadhatu by three round platforms and a big stupa.

Borobudur is built without mortar, stones were brought here from neighboring rivers, then they were cut to size and laid.

The temple is located in an elevated area between two twin volcanoes and two rivers. Most of the buildings were built on a flat surface, while Borobudur itself was built on a rocky hill at an altitude of 265 m above sea level and 15 m above the floor of a dried lake.

Borobudur is a place of pilgrimage for the faithful. Pilgrims walk along the marked route on the lower levels, looking at the carved reliefs and absorbing the history of Buddha. Then, by climbing up and watching the galleries and sculptures, they have a sense of spiritual development, necessary to move from the sphere of desires to the higher levels.

The monument was hidden under layers of volcanic ash and jungle growth for hundreds of years. It was not until 1814 that it was discovered by Sir Thomas Stanford Raffles and then the whole area was cleared by 1835.
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The complex is the most visited tourist attraction in Indonesia. Every year it is visited by 2.5 million tourists.

In 1991, the monument was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, earlier, between 1975 and 1982, it underwent a major renovation by UNESCO and the Indonesian government.

"Borobudur and many other archaeological sites in South and Southeast Asia often have orientalized narratives attached to them wherein colonizers “discover” or “bring to light” ancient monuments. These distortions discount the real and living history of the site." - essay by Robert E. Gordon

Architect of Borobudur

Architect of Borobudur is Gunadharma

How many meters have Borobudur?

Height of Borobudur is 42 metres

Construction/building type

Building Borobudur is of type Temple

Architectural style

Architectural style of Borobudur is Buddhist architecture

Other dimensions, parameters and frequently asked questions

Borobudur

What area have Borobudur?

Borobudur have area of 15129 square meters

What material is the building made of?

Borobudur is made of the following materials: Stone

Practical informations

Borobudur

What is the cost of entry for Borobudur?

Tickets for Borobudur are available at the following prices and variants:

  • Borobudur - 1-day ticket: adults $25, children under ten years old $12, students $15
  • Borobudur - 2-day ticket: adults $40, children $20
  • Borobudur - 3-day ticket: adults $60, children $30
  • Borobudur - 4-7 day ticket: adults $100, children $50
  • Borobudur - Mendut - Pavement Temple: adults $30, children $20
  • Borobudur - Prambanan: adults $45, children $27
  • Borobudur - City Hall Boko: adults $45, children $27
  • Borobudur Sunrise Tour (Sunrise entrance): $35

At what times is open Borobudur?

Borobudur is open or accessible to the public on the following dates and times:

  • Sunrise entrance: 04:30 - 06:00.
  • Public entrance: 06:00 - 17:00.
  • Sunset: 17:00 - 18:30.

Other names

The building is also known by other common names or in the original language, i.e. Candi Borobudur

Is the building on the UNESCO World Heritage List?

UNESCO
Yes, the building Borobudur is inscribed on the UNESCO List under the reference 592.
The listing took place in the year 1991.
Details of the entry are available on the Unesco website at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/592/

Official website

The official website of the building, where up-to-date information can be found, is https://borobudurpark.com/

Comments to Borobudur (3) Average rating: 4.5 Add comment    /    Rate building

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#0
Share your impressions... write something about the building...
4.5  /  5
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Based on 3 comments
poli
#3
poli
5 months ago
Byłem na Jawie i chodziłem po świątyni Borobudur...cos niesamowitego...mam fot.z tego miejsca i wspomnienia o których będę pamiętać zawsze...Indonezja jest bardzo egzotyczna dla nas ...to inny świat.. wyspy..Lombok Komodo Bali...Bieda ludzi i luksus w hotelach.
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Fliona
#2
Fliona
3 years ago
Budynek bardzo ciekawy, ale nazwa śmieszna, prawie jak "łubudubu, łubudubu, niech nam żyje prezes naszego klubu..." ;)
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Kamilka
#1
Kamilka
3 years ago
Piękna budowla, chciałabym ją zobaczyć, podobnie jak inne atrakcje azji, chyba najbardziej Angkor Wat :)
Overall rating: detailed ratings

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